What is Collagen
Collagen is a protein of the connective tissue, which makes up about 30% of the body’s protein for mammals. Collagen is the main biopolymer for living beings and fulfills a very important function in the correct functioning of the system. This fibrous protein of the connective tissue comprises 70% of the skin and is a necessary element of the human skeleton. Its unique physical and chemical features ensure the transfer of forces from the sinews and maintain the appropriate firmness and flexibility of the skin. After the age of 25 the levels of collagen become depleted and this leads to many changes, mainly in the skin, which loses its firmness, flexibility and smoothness. What is more, these changes coincide with the loss of suitable moisture content and resulting in wrinkles and lines. Thanks to its valuable features and extremely important function in the proper functioning of the system, collagen is continuously the focus of attention of doctors, biologists, biotechnologists, and cosmetologists.
Please note that collagen is not only part of the skin. Collagen, in the form of elongated fibrils, is found in fibrous tissue such as tendons and ligaments. It is also abundant in corneas, cartilage, bones, blood vessels, the gut, intervertebral discs and the dentin in teeth. In muscle tissue, it serves as a major component of the endomysium. Collagen constitutes one to two percent of muscle tissue, and accounts for 6% of the weight of strong, tendinous muscles.The fibroblast is the most common cell that creates collagen.
Up to now collagen was mainly obtained from pig or cow skins, which is dangerous due to the risk of disease transfer, i.e. BSE or allergies. Collagen from animal skin is a firm net, making impossible for it to penetrate human skin, this penetration also being impeded by consistency of this product. The methods used to obtain collagen from cows or pigs are also chemically aggressive since they use very strong acids, which results in a product that is not natural, unlike Salmon Collagen. Salmon Collagen has the consistency of an easily absorbed powder, containing only pure collagen. The collagen is obtained from salmon skin, therefore it is free of pathogenic factors and to be more specific, it is innovative way of obtaining collagen that keeps native structure of the triple helix at temperatures in the range 5 to 28C.
By supplementing collagen deficiencies through supplying one identical with human collagen, our skin for example becomes rich in elements necessary for collagen to be created, and our fibroblasts are forced to increase the synthesis of the this unique protein. The skin restores its own youthful look, firmness and shine. Joints becomes elastic again. The aging process slows down. Our product is obtained in natural way. Salmon fish is wild caught and the product itself is kosher certified.
Collagen's Protection Against Cancer
Cancer cells spread through the body in such a way that produces large amounts of enzymes capable of digesting collagen, and thus pave the way for cancer to all tissues of the body. However, as long as collagen barrier is stable, they are not going to spread.
Collagen and Joints
Joints are a moving combination of bones. Place where their connection takes place is called placenta. Placenta’s biggest problem is friction; therefore joint surfaces are covered with hyaline cartilage and articular membrane. Their function is to produce so-called synovial fluid, which moistens moving parts of the connecting bones to eliminate possible pain. During illness when deterioration of cartilage occurs or quantity of produced synovial fluid is insufficient, they cease to perform their function in a satisfactory manner. Since bones are not properly shielded, unpleasant pain occurs with every movement. Among other things collagen is responsible for sufficient production of synovial fluid. It also affects the condition of a cartilage by providing it with hardness and elasticity. Additionally, it reduces an activity of enzymes responsible for rheumatic pains and accelerates recovery of the tissues affected.
Collagen and Varicose Veins
Collagen fibers are an important part of the venous endothelium, including the venous valves. Adequate quantity and quality of collagen in the venous walls determine to maintain their normal function and biochemical properties. Veins rich in collagen are resilient and flexible; thereby they better prevent the backflow of blood towards the heart. Studies have shown that proteins such as collagen content are significantly reduced in varicose veins compared to healthy veins.
Collagen and Skin
With age, due to a loss of collagen, condition of our skin worsens and external factors such as sun, free radicals and toxins accelerate this process. Levels of substances (copper, vitamin A, C, E) responsible for natural regeneration of collagen fibers decrease. Results of this process are deepening wrinkles, loss of skin firmness, change of color or dryness of a skin. Also sagging cheeks and eyelids, as well as double chin, deep forehead furrows, wrinkles, cellulite or stretch marks start to show.
Collagen and Cellulite
Cellulite is a natural accumulation of fat in the body, mostly women’s. Cellulite deposited in the skin of hips and thighs is a reserve of energy during pregnancy. The natural way to partially reduce this supply is during breast-feeding. All of it happens because our life styles changed. We eat more and more processed foods, lead more sedentary lifestyles and we became less physically active which unfortunately contributes to cellulite production. In the past people thought that this ailment was associated with obesity. Nowadays it has been stated that cellulite is a concern of 80% of women of every size in the whole world. It is indirectly related to the collagen deficiency.
Collagen and Stretch Marks
Stretch marks are mostly due to an increase in cortisol levels in the blood. It is a hormone secreted by the adrenal glands. Its amount increases during pregnancy, puberty, obesity, weight gain. During pregnancy, the increase in estrogen levels contributes to some extent to enhance the capacity of the appearance of stretch marks. Because hormonal pills also affect female sex hormones, therefore it is likely that they may be one of the factors that contribute formation of stretch marks. Also the regular and long-term use of steroid medications has an impact on stretch- marks production. The formation of stretch marks is associated with abnormal collagen synthesis of the skin. Stretch marks are formed in the dermis, and their formation is associated with impaired fibroblast cells that are responsible for the production of collagen and elastin fibers. Impaired - including due to increased levels of cortisol in the blood - fibroblasts begin to produce modified collagen and elastin fibers, which become more brittle and less susceptible to stretching. During an excessive stretching of the skin for example during pregnancy due to fragility of fibers collagen fibril structure starts to break which results in stretch marks.
Collagen and Menopause
Menopause – inevitably occurs in the life of every woman even when she is still young, healthy, and active. The ovaries stop producing sex hormones – estrogen, which have the greatest impact on woman’s skin. During menopause, enzyme that breaks down collagen fibers becomes more active. The researchers report that the density of collagen in the skin drops by an average of 2% per year. During the first 5 years of menopause, the amount of collagen fibers in the skin is reduced by 30-35%.
Collagen and Osteoporosis
Bone collagen metabolism disorders cause decalcification of the skeleton, which contributes to enhanced bone fragility and susceptibility to the fracture. A bone is a porous tissue composed of 90% collagen, where process of linking of collagen with calcium, phosphorus and magnesium takes place. If during youth, not enough collagen was produced to develop collagen-rich bone structure, in old age we are in danger of osteoporosis.
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